A system or electronic platform operated by an investment firm or a market operator which brings together buying or selling interests of counterparties in financial instruments to perform a transaction. Comprises Regulated Markets, MTF or an OTF.
Advantages of Trading Venue
Security: it reduces systemic risk and guarantee financial market stability.
Transparency: it imposes a strict operational and governance framework and organisational requirements which makes participants to follow clear rules, allowing transparency in trades and pricing, leading to disclosing publicly information about prices and volumes.
Accessibility: it provide non-discriminatory access to the market for their participants, promoting fair competition between the different trading platforms.
Liquidity: it facilitate higher liquidity than over-the-counter trades, resulting in lower bid-ask spreads and more effective price discovery, operating on a fee basis, which means no conflicts of interest with individual counterparties.
Regulation: subject to ESMA regulations, which can be consulted here.